What is gonorrhea?
Gonorrhea is the second most common bacterial STD. It is caused by bacteria that grow and multiply in the mucous membranes of the cervix, which is the opening of the uterus, the uterus itself, and the fallopian tubes of women and in the urethra of both women and men. These bacteria also can grow in the mouth, eyes, throat, and anus. Gonorrhea is a very common infection. The CDC (Centers for Disease Control) estimates that 700,000 people in the United States are infected each year.2
How does one get gonorrhea?
Gonorrhea is spread through vaginal, anal, or oral sex.
What can be the consequences of gonorrhea?
- A gonorrhea infection also can be spread to other unlikely parts of the body. For example, a person can get an eye infection after touching infected genitals and then touching the eyes.
- Many women have very mild symptoms and do not know they have the STD until an infected partner informs them.
- Symptoms may include pain or burning during urination, frequent urination, and pain during intercourse.
- If the bacterium spreads to the uterus, women may develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which can cause scarring of the fallopian tubes and lead to greater risk of ectopic pregnancy and infertility. In men, the bacterium may cause epididymitis (inflammation of the testicles), which can lead to infertility.2
What treatment, if any, is available for gonorrhea?
Doctors prescribe antibiotic medications to treat gonorrhea, but more and more strains of gonorrhea are becoming drug resistant. If you are sexually active, SEE YOUR DOCTOR in order to rule out this infection.
For more information about gonorrhea visit: CDC Mayo Clinic
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